construction surveying and layout

Chapter 19

Layout Techniques

Introduction 19-2

Control 19-9

Methods 19-21

Line 19-36

Grade 19-46

Vertical Alignment 19-56

Sticks and Strings 19-61

Summary 19-69

Chapter 20

Construction Control

Introduction 20-2

Sitework 20-4

Retaining Systems 20-8

Caissons 20-11

Footings and Foundation 20-14

Anchor Bolts 20-17

Structural Steel 20-20

Concrete and Metal Decks 20-23

Block-Outs and Embeds 20-26

Concrete Columns 20-29

Elevator and Stair Cores 20-33

Sidewalks, Curbs, and Gutters 20-38

Summary 20-41

Part Three - Applications