construction surveying and layout

Chapter 7

Leveling

Introduction 7-2

Standard Practices 7-11

Field Notes for Leveling 7-17

Differential Leveling 7-22

Profile Leveling 7-28

Cross-Section Leveling 7-33

Grid Leveling 7-39

Transferring Elevations 7-43

Applied Leveling 7-47

Setting Grade 7-53

Summary 7-57

Chapter 8

Lasers

Introduction 8-2

Standard Practices 8-7

Applications 8-14

Summary 8-16

Chapter 9

GPS Field Procedures

Introduction 9-2

Standard Practices 9-7

Summary 9-16